Just As In Humans, Pets Need Oral Hygiene Too
Dental hygiene for pets is often overlooked.
Dental hygiene is just as important to your pet’s overall health as nutrition, proper exercise and routine grooming.
Monitoring Your Pets Dental Health
- The simplest way to keep track is to look at them on regular basis by lifting the lips all around the mouth.
- Evaluated by veterinarian every 6-12 months at pet wellness check-ups.
- Red gums, tartar or plaque buildup, bad breath, gum recession, crying out when chewing .eeds immediate attention of a veterinarian.
The Dangers of Dental Disease
Plaque builds up on the teeth and turns into tartar or calculus. These areas grow bacteria and eat away at the teeth and gums. Bad breath, oral pain and tooth loss can occur due to bacteria. However, the bacteria not only cause disease in the mouth they can also affect other parts of the body, like the heart, liver, and kidneys. The most important thing to do is address dental disease as soon as it is detected, no matter how minor. Best way to keep healthy mouth and teeth is prevention and treatment.
Preventing Dental Disease in Dogs
- There are several ways you can help your pet teeth in good shape.
- Start a dog dental care routine as early as possible in your pet’s life.
- Brushing – Ask for Denville Animal Hospital Veterinarians for some tips and demonstration.
a. Try to brush as many times as possible in a week practically 2-3 times.
b. Don’t use human toothpaste.
c. Avoid real bones – not only can they lead to gastrointestinal upset, but they may also cause tooth fractures.
- Switch to dry food or/and specialized diets like t / d hills.
- Veterinarian evaluation on a regular basis, dental scaling and polishing or extractions as needed.
Veterinary Dental Procedures
Most dental procedures will require general anesthesia and pre-anesthetic blood work. Blood work will generally consist of a Complete Blood Count and a serum chemistry profile. Complete Blood Count would check for anemia, allergies, infection, and dehydration. The chemistry profile checks organ function, mainly kidneys and liver and it also checks blood sugar. This gives an opportunity to find any hidden disease and as well increases anesthetic safety by choosing the right protocol for an individual pet. Under anesthesia, all vital signs are monitored and an extensive oral exam will be conducted. This will allow the doctor to examine any loose, broken, or missing teeth along with any oral tumors or lesions. The gums around the teeth are probed and any pockets are noted.
The next step is to scale and polish much like what happens at a human dentist. In certain cases, broken teeth or loose teeth will need to be extracted or a root canal will be recommended. Infected teeth or gums need antibiotics and pain medications during and after dentistry.
“Without proper dental care, 80 percent of dogs and 70 percent of cats show signs of oral disease by age three.”
Contact Denville Animal Hospital today!